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What Causes Dizziness and Sweating?

May 05, 2017

Dizziness is more of an umbrella term referring to a number of physical discomforts, ranging from feeling lightheaded and confused to passing out. Sometimes, you experience it and sweating together, and this could make you feel concerned. Do these issues indicate anything serious? Let's find out more about it.

What Causes Dizziness and Sweating?

The truth is that a variety of problems can lead to dizziness and profuse sweating. Some of these are not that serious, while others require immediate medical attention. Here are some common causes.

1. Fibromyalgia

Chronic dizziness is one of main symptoms of fibromyalgia. The condition leads to serious pain in the connective tissue and muscles. What causes fibromyalgia is not yet clear, but scientists believe that it is a musculoskeletal disease and requires attention. Sweating is another common symptom associated with fibromyalgia.

2. Hypertension

People suffering from high blood pressure or hypertension may experience sweating, dizziness, and nausea. This usually happens when there is a sudden rise in your blood pressure levels. You can manage your condition better by learning to relax your mind and body.

3. Side Effects of Medicines

Certain drugs and medications can lead to a hormonal imbalance which in turn can produce several symptoms, including sweating and dizziness. This is usually true when you take birth control pills. The same may happen when you take antibiotics on a long-term basis. Talk to your doctor if you believe you are feeling dizzy after starting a new medication.

4. Hormonal Changes

Even if you are not taking certain medications, there may be a change in your hormones with age. The food you eat can also cause a hormonal imbalance. Women are more likely to experience hormonal changes, especially during ovulation, and that is when they are more likely to experience problems like sweating, dizziness, nausea, and more.

Similarly, there will be hormonal changes during menopause and pregnancy. If you are pregnant, you may experience morning sickness that leads to dehydration and causes dizziness and sweating as well.

5. Infection

An infection can cause vomiting and diarrhea, which may result in dehydration. When you are dehydrated, it is quite common to feel dizzy at times. Both viral and bacterial infections can make you weak, and this increases your risk of having vertigo-like symptoms.

6. Panic Attack

Excessive sweating along with dizziness is also common during panic attacks. A panic attack is actually a type of anxiety disorder which leads to a sudden activation of the fight-or-flight response. You may also experience some other symptoms, such as nausea, impending doom, chest pain, vomiting, and trouble swallowing. 

7. Hypoglycemia

Low glucose levels or hypoglycemia can cause anxiety, shakiness, irritability, clammy skin, dizziness and sweating. Many diabetics have to deal with hypoglycemia. Sometimes, hypoglycemia is the result of serious disorders such as genetic enzyme defects and tumors.

8. Low Blood Pressure

You may feel dizzy when your blood pressure is very low. People suffering from low blood pressure should be very careful when changing their body positions. You should never change your position from lying down to sitting up too quickly. You may also notice this issue when bending down.  

A sudden fall in your blood pressure may also lead to other symptoms, such as headache, visual disturbances, lightheadedness, sweating and short unconsciousness.

9. Hyperthyroidism

You develop hyperthyroidism when your thyroid glands start producing too much of thyroid hormone. Along with feeling dizzy, you may have other symptoms as well, such as sweating, nervousness, sudden paralysis, shortness of breath, insomnia, heart palpitations, and tremors.

10. Heart Attack or Stroke

You may experience dizziness and fainting sensations when you have a heart attack or stroke. However, there will always be some other symptoms as well, such as pain in the chest, shoulder, neck, or back along with cold sweats, shortness of breath, speech problems, impaired movement in limbs, vertigo, and impaired vision.

11. Motions Sickness

Also called travel sickness, motion sickness is often characterized by nausea, dizziness, fatigue, sweating, and vomiting. You experience this issue when the sensory nerves of your eyes and inner ear are not coordinated.

What Can You Do?

If you have regular episodes of dizziness and sweating, be sure to see your doctor. Your doctor will ask about other symptoms and perform a complete exam to make a correct diagnosis. They may recommend medications along with lifestyle changes to help make you feel better.