You may experience headaches due to many underlying problems. Most headaches do not indicate anything serious, but in some rare cases, they do indicate life-threatening conditions. It is natural to feel concerned after seeing black spots with your headache, but you should not panic. You need to consider what other symptoms you are experiencing and talk to your doctor for further evaluation.
Fatigue, lack of nutrition, and dehydration can all restrict the flow of blood to the brain, which in turn can cause headaches and visual problems. This usually happens while exercising, which actually indicates that your body is losing water. You should increase your intake of water – consider drinking 1-3 cups of water before exercise and continue to have it during exercise.
You may also feel better if you eat a smaller meal a couple of hours before you exercise. Also, take plenty of rest and improve the quality of your sleep. However, if you do not feel better after taking these steps, it is possible that your headache and visual problems are due to migraine aura or classic migraine. In this case, you need to see your doctor because only they can make a correct diagnosis.
Classic migraine refers to a headache that comes with sensory disturbances called aura, and this perfectly explains why you are seeing black spots with headache.
What causes classic migraine is not clear yet, but some experts believe that you experience these visual hallucinations when a chemical or electrical wave moves across the part of your brain responsible for the processing of visual signals. However, bright lights, stress, too much or too little sleep, medications, and menstruation can trigger migraine aura.
The most common visual symptoms of migraine aura include the following:
It is important to mention that these types of visual issues usually start in the center of your field of vision and then move outward. You may also have other sensory disturbances such as muscle weakness, difficulty with language, and feelings of numbness. You should talk to your doctor immediately if you notice any symptoms of migraine aura.
There is no treatment available for seeing black spots with headache, but you can try ways to treat your migraine. Treatments and medications usually used to manage migraine are similar to treatment for migraine aura. Here are some options:
You can find medications to relieve migraine pain, but the timing of taking these medications is important. You should take your medication at the first sign of a migraine attack. The most common medications used for this purpose include the following:
When seeing black spots with headache, you should consider making some lifestyle changes to manage your condition better. Here are some recommendations:
If you have to deal with frequent migraine aura, you may consider taking some preventive medications, including antidepressants, blood-pressure lowering medications, Botox injections, and anti-seizure drugs. Your doctor will help find the one more suitable for you. You have to take those medications regularly to have fewer migraines.