Blood sugar level simply means the concentration of a simple sugar (glucose) in certain amount of blood. In the United States, it is measured in mg/dl or milligrams per deciliter. Glucose concentration in the body fluctuates the whole day. Actually, there can be significant variations from minute to minute. Blood sugar levels after eating normally skyrocket and exercising will normally drop the levels. Doctors are interested in fasting glucose, glucose levels after eating, which is at times tested.
Blood sugar levels in our bodies will fluctuate depending on various conditions and circumstances. Here are the different levels:
According to the American Diabetics Association, normal blood sugar levels after meals should be 70 mg/dl –140mg/dl.This should be the reading 2 hours after a meal. If the levels are lower than 70mg/dl, it might mean that you have hypoglycemia. If your blood sugar is slightly higher than 140mg/dl, it does not necessarily mean that you have diabetes. However, you might need to have an oral glucose tolerance test later on to determine the severity of your elevated post-meal blood sugar.
This blood sugar level is taken first thing when you wake up before your first meal. A normal level of fasting blood sugar lies from 70mg/dl to 92mg/dl. This is also the blood sugar level for a normal person who has not eaten for the past few hours.
American Diabetes Association recommends that blood sugar targets should lie between the following:
Before eating your blood sugar should be:
After 1 to 2 hours after meals, your blood sugar should be:
When going to bed, your blood sugar should be:
American Diabetes Association recommends the following blood sugar targets for people with type 2 diabetes:
Before eating, you blood sugar should be:
After 1 to 2 hours after a meal, you blood sugar should be:
Since the volume of blood increases when you are pregnant, your blood sugar will generally be lower than usual. For pregnant women, normal blood sugar levels after eating and before eating fall in the following ranges:
For diabetic expectant mothers, the targets should be:
Know how to test your blood sugar levels from the video below:
If you are aiming at an A1c level of 7% or less, which translates to an average blood sugar level of 154mg/dl, the doctor will give you an A1c test every 3 to 6 months. The goals you are aiming at and when you should test will depend on:
Once you and your doctor determine your blood sugar targets, you should get tested on a regular basis. Monitoring is important, more so if you are taking insulin or medication that can result in hypoglycemia. In addition, it will help you compare your blood sugar levels after eating and before meals. This will give you a better understanding of your glucose patterns and how you can improve them.
Testing and not keeping a record is a bad idea. Ensure your doctor or nurse has a record as well as yourself. This will be very helpful if you are experiencing problems managing your diabetes. You will also get to know what works and what does not when it comes to keeping your blood sugar in check. Do record:
Most glucose meters will allow you to store this information. Your doctor should set a target for your blood levels for different times of the day. If your blood sugar is higher than the set figure for 3 days and you do not know the reason, call your health care provider.
Know how to control you blood sugar with diet from the video blow: